Chitwan is in the southwestern part of Nepal, in province No. 03. It occupies an area of 2,238.39 sq. Km furnished with great majesty of astonishing landmarks and bio-diversity. It lies well within, Bharatpur, which is the commercial hub of south-central Nepal.
There are many centers for higher studies, health care centers, transportation regions, etc. It is within the inner terai of Nepal, between the Mahabharat and Shiwalik ranges. Mahabharata and Siwalik both are the foothills of the Himalayas. It is famous for Chitwan National Park, Narayani River, Rapti river, and sauraha. Along with this, its highlights include the green forests and magnificent colorful birds
Forests in Chitwan
It is home to many tropical and subtropical forests of Nepal. Chitwan National Park only covers roughly 70 % of vegetations. It is among the most deciduous forest ranges within the Terai region. Alarming grasslands, Pinus trees, riverine forests are the prominent attractions in Chitwan. These grasslands are within the flood plains of forests. Along with this, It offers a unique variety of grasslands, which are rarely present in other parts of Nepal.
Nomenclature of Chitwan is done based on two words, “Chitta” and “Vana,” Chitta means the heart, and Vana means Jungle. Thus, the name forms Chitwan, which means the heart of the Jungle. It is home to many tribal peoples; among them, Tharu peoples are the most indigenous one.
Farming, Special foods, and Dishes
Locals widely apply farming in Chitwan, to be precise, it is among the most fertile lands of Nepal. People grow rice, Paddy, Banana, Mango, Sal forests, etc. Travelers from all the world come to see the Cultures and traditions of Tharu people. Tharu peoples do farming of rice, maize, paddy, mustards, lentils, beans, etc.
Mustards are very famous here, and farmers export it throughout the country. likewise,it is very renowned for spicy goat meats, also known as Taas. Villagers serve Taas with bitten rice. Foods like Sukuti, Momos, Newari dishes are trendy in Chitwan. Farmer’s grow wheat, buckwheats, barley, vegetables, Potatoes, finger millet, soya beans, etc.
Chitwan National Park is the pride of Chitwan, which is among the top-rated conservation area in the whole of South Asia. It is famous for Jungle Safari, elephant safari, canoe ride, Tharu presentation, Villages, etc.
Bird watching, sunrise view, sunset view, Jeep safari, elephant Breeding Centers are other interesting activities here. It is home to many floras and faunas. Its exotic biodiversity is the great center of attractions for tourists.
Most importantly, this Park is under the world heritage property; it includes a Ramsar site in its buffer zone. National Park consists of a total of 68 species of mammals, 544 species of birds, 56 herpetofauna species, 126 species of fishes.
Royal Bengal Tiger, One Horned Rhinocerous, Gharial (Crocodiles), are the dominant endangered species in Chitwan National Park. One-horned rhino is only in Nepal, and Royal Bengal Tiger is also present in some parts of India and Bangladesh.
Birds from different corners of the world come to enjoy its exotic bio-diversity. It is a homeland to rarest faunas, which are used for medical purposes. Thus, Chitwan is a heaven in the Terai region of Nepal. Chitwan National Park bestows dramatic beauty to this region and is a major tourism hub in Nepal.